All flowers have the uncanny ability to attract pollinators and beneficial insects to the garden and to put a smile on our faces, which is certainly worth a lot! Calendula is a profuse golden-yellow to deep-orange blossoms flower that can be picked over a period of 3-6 months. It has anti-inflammatory effects when it is used topically and it is also a potent antioxidant. Because of its antiviral and antibacterial qualities, it is also useful in treating minor wounds and abrasions. Also deters flies and mosquitos.

Sowing Style: Direct Sow.  Broadcast or line sow as a hedge. Thin as required. You can also choose to transplant if you have less seeds.

Time to Sow: Monsoon, Autumn and Summer. Except for the cold months, the plants thrive in the sun.

Plant Spacing: 6-12”

Good Companions: Calendula is effective at deterring tomato hornworms, Mexican bean beetles, aphids, cabbage maggots and the asparagus beetle. Interplanting with pest-susceptible plants is the easiest way to deter unwanted critters.

Bad Companions: N/A

Soil and Cultivation Requirements: Not a high-nutrition demanding crop. Pretty low maintenance once established. Give a round of compost during sowing and after a month of harvesting.

Irrigation: Both drip and sprinkler irrigation works well for calendula. Water them regularly on hot days.

Harvesting and Storing: Harvest every 3-5 days as soon as the plants start flowering.  Fresh flowers can be seeped in oil and placed under the sun or moon for a few days to extract their medicinal properties, and then sieve them out. For dried calendula, harvest them when they are young with a lot of fresh petals and shade-dry them to preserve their medicinal value. No need to crush the flowers. Store them in an air-tight jar or packet. (Check for bugs in the flowers before seeping or drying them)

Orange compact flowers. A great pollinator and beneficial insect attractor. A must grow companion flower variety for your garden, because its known to fight root nematodes and other diseases in the soil – even when the flowers are not in bloom. If growing only for flowers, sow them 3 months before you would like start harvesting flowers.

Sowing Style: Transplant from seed trays at true leaf stage. Plant them in a row or spread them all around the garden – they can reach 2-3 feet height.

Time to Sow: Monsoon, Autumn and Summer. Easy to grow all around the year except in freezing conditions, and it requires 6-8 hours of sunlight. Sow them 3-4 months before your festivals or special occasions so that you can make best use of their harvests.

Plant Spacing: 12-18”

Good Companions: Beans, Borage, Broccoli, Cucumber, Eggplant, Gourds, Pumpkin & Squash, Potato, Tomato, Peppers, Watermelon, Apple Trees, Ginger, Turmeric.

Bad Companions: Cabbage

Soil and Cultivation Requirements: Low maintenance crop. Mostly self-seeds. Does not need too much water or rich soil to grow.

 Irrigation: Both drip and sprinkler irrigation works well. Does not need regular watering. Will do well with the other intercropped plants.

Harvesting and Storing: Harvest every few days as fresh flowers as soon as the plants start flowering. They can produce for 3-4 weeks. To make a liquid manure and pest repellant, collect a decent batch of fresh flowers and seep them in water for up to a month. Mix 1:10 with fresh water and spray near plants that have insect and root nematode issues.